Hepatitis C : Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment

hepatitis c

What Is Hepatitis C ?

Hepatitis C is an infectious disease. This disease is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C causes inflammation and infection in the liver. This virus can cause both chronic and acute hepatitis. The hepatitis C virus is a blood borne virus  and common modes of infection through exposure to small quantities of blood. The HCV virus persists in the liver in about 75% to 85% of those initially infected. Hepatitis C is a form of viral hepatitis transmitted in infected blood, causing chronic liver disease. This is a transferable disease which can be transferred from one person to another.

Geographical Distribution :- Hepatitis C virus is found worldwide. According to the report of World Health Organisation (WHO) this hepatitis c virus is mainly found in eastern Mediterranean and European Regions with the affected rate of 2.3% and 1.5% respectively. Other WHO regions varies from 0.5% to 1.0%.


Hepatitis C virus is a blood borne virus. This virus is mainly transmitted through:

  • The transfusion of unscreened blood and its products.
  • HCV can also be transmitted through anal sex. Moreover, it can be passed from an infected mother to her baby.
  • Injecting drug use through the sharing of injection equipment.
  • Reuse of medical equipment such as syringes and needles.
  • Note: Hepatitis C is not spread through breast milk, food, water or by casual contact like hugging, sharing food or drinks, kissing with an infected person.

Causes Of Hepatitis C Virus

The hepatitis C virus is mainly transmitted through blood-to-blood contact. HCV cannot be transmitted through casual contact such as sharing drinks or food, hugging, etc. According to Centers For Disease Control (CDC) have identified the factors which causes hepatitis C infection. The causes are :

  • Hemophilia
  • HIV
  • Born between 1945 and 1965
  • Snorting drugs
  • Being incarcerated
  • Unexplained liver disease
  • Born to a mother with HCV  infection
  • Getting tattoo in an unhygienic condition
  • Reuse of medical equipment such as needle or syringes
  • Having transfusions or organ transplants before 1992
  • Unprotected sexual behaviours

Symptoms Of Hepatitis C Virus

According to a research done by Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC) it states that approximately 70 to 80% of people with hepatitis C don’t have symptoms. Hepatitis C is also known as secret disease. In some people symptoms of hepatitis C virus were noticed and they’re written below:

  • Dark urine
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Joint pain
  • Jaundice
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Acute infection
  • Chronic infection
  • Occult infection

These symptoms are not too much accurate. Some of them take five to six weeks to appear.

Hepatitis C symptoms is men and women are same. The symptoms of hepatitis C virus stays for long period in men compared to that of women.

Tips To Prevent Yourself From Hepatitis C Virus

Right now there is no vaccine for hepatitis C virus. The prevention of hepatitis C virus depends on various reasons. Therefore WHO has provided a list for the prevention of hepatitis C:

  • Safe use of health care injections
  • Testing of donated blood for hepatitis B and C virus as well as for HIV/AIDS
  • Use of consistent and high quality condoms while doing sex
  • Safe handling and disposal of sharps and waste
  • Training of health personnel
  • Monthly health tests and check-ups
  • Proper treatment for small problems such as stomach pain and other problems
  • Avoid use of used medical equipment

Treatment Of Hepatitis C Virus

HCV induces chronic infection in 80% of infected person. In some cases, hepatitis C infection clears without treatment and nearly 95% clear with treatment. The hepatitis C infection does not always needs treatment as the immune response in some people is strong and tackles strongly against hepatitis C virus attack. People who’re infected with Hepatitis C virus requires weekly injections for 48 weeks continuously. Consumption of coffee also plays a large role in tackling hepatitis C. Click Here.

Medications :- Doctors recommend antiviral medication to people who’re not at high risk of dying. Your doctor can give you medicines according to the hepatitis C virus percentage in your body. For more details you can follow this link.

Facts And Statistics Of Hepatitis C Virus

  • Worldwide, almost 71 million people have hepatitis C infection.
  • 400,000 people die each year due to hepatitis C.
  • There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.
  • This disease is a transferable infection.
  • Hepatitis C virus can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis.
  • Antiviral medicines can cure more than 95% of persons infected by hepatitis C.

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About the Author: Harman Yuvraj Singh Rai

Hi, I'm Harman Rai, an aspiring blogger with an obsession for all things related to Health & Fitness. This blog is dedicated for helping people to learn about Health & Fitness.

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