World Health Organisation: Malaria Report 2018
In 2010, there were about 240 million malaria cases worldwide. With the efforts of WHO these malaria cases decreased to 210 million cases in 2015. But in the next two years malaria cases rose over to 219 million in 2017. According to the WHO, India and other 15 African nations holds 150 million malaria cases out of 219 million in 2017. WHO has said that almost 660,000 people are killed by malaria each year.
According to World Health Organisation Report (WHO) cases of malaria disease in India has decreased in 2017 as compared to 2016 report. WHO has revealed that approximately 1.25 billion Indian people were at the risk of contracting this mosquito borne disease.
WHO has said that five countries hold half of the malaria cases worldwide in which Nigeria in leading with 25%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 11%, Mozambique 5%, India and Uganda 4% each. In all of the 15 African countries and India are holding 80% of world malaria cases.
Failure Of World Health Organisation
WHO has failed to met the target to reduce the malaria cases in the world. After there success by reducing large number of malaria cases in 2015, the malaria cases again increased in 2017. In India there were three million fewer cases and in African countries these were increased by 3.5 million compared to previous reports. About 80% of the worldwide deaths in 2017 were reported in India and African Region.
However, WHO has gained success in controlling this disease in India. The report of WHO has revealed that the malaria cases will be reduced at a large rate in India by 2020.
What Is Malaria ?
Malaria is a disease caused by mosquitoes. It is an intermittent and remittent fever which is caused by a protozoan parasite. This parasite invades the blood cells. After biting, this parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes. This disease can be spread only by female mosquitoes. Malaria occurs mainly in tropical and subtropical regions.
Symptoms Of Malaria
The signs and symptoms of malaria disease arise after 8-15 days following infection. The symptoms of this disease are similar to Flu’s.
- A sensation of cold with shivering
- Joint pain
- Hemoglobin in the urine
- Retinal Damage
Causes Of Malaria
Malaria happens when a female Anopheles mosquito bites and infects the body with Plasmodium. This disease can only be causes the Anopheles mosquito. In human beings, malaria is caused by P. ovale, P. vivax, P. malariae, and P. knowles.
Right now there is no licensed vaccination for the prevention of malaria. But you can follow these tips to prevent yourself from malaria.
- Use pre-treated bed nets
- Cover your arms and legs
- Be aware of malaria symptoms
- Use anti-mosquito sprays at home
- Don’t visit dirty or infected areas
- Go for weekly health check ups
- Eat healthy Food
- Do exercises regularly
Along with healthcare everyone should also get proper education. Health and Education are the two main pillars of every country. If you want to get any type of study material than you can visit this >SubjectQuery.com< website to get the best tips and study material.