FACTS ABOUT ZIKA VIRUS
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne disease which was first noticed in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys and later it was noticed in humans in 1952 in Tanzania and Uganda. This virus disease is caused by a virus which is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes and these mosquitoes bite during the day. The Zika virus can cause microcephaly in babies born to women who were infected by this virus during their pregnancy period. Mircoephally is a very rare birth defect and in this the baby’s head is smaller compared to average size and this also effects brain development of that child.
After being reported in Africa and Asia in 1950’s and later reported in the Pacific islands in 2007. In 2015, this virus was reported in Central and South America. It was reported in Brazil in 2015 and was found associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome. Right now Zika virus have been identified in almost 86 countries.
Symptoms of Zika virus are generally mild.
- Lack of energy
- Muscle and joint pain
- Physical weakness
- Red Eye
Zika virus infection is spread through bites by Aedes mosquitoes and these mosquitoes bite during the day. This virus can be found in the blood of infected person for few days or can be longer in some cases. This virus can be transmitted to other people if another mosquito bites the infected people. Zika virus is a transmitted disease which can be spread through sexual contract, blood transfusions with an infected person.
TREATMENT AND PREVENTION
Well there is no treatment for Zika virus infection or diseases associated with it. But the symptoms of infection may be treated for example your doctor can recommend you to take acetaminophen for headaches and fever. Try to avoid using medicines such as ASPIRIN and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs until dengue is ruled out. Dengue is also an infection caused by mosquitoes and Dengue have also same symptoms.
There is no vaccination or treatment for Zika virus infection. So it is important to take precautions such as avoid travelling to places where Zika virus is reported, wear light-coloured long sleeve shirts with loose fitting, always tuck your shirts with your pants and wear hat too. Avoid wearing sandals always prefer shoes or boots. Use mosquito nets over your bed. If you are pregnant then you need to take number of precautions and consult with your doctor to prevent yourself from this deadly virus.